Amazing grace! How sweet the sound
That saved a soul like me.
I once was lost, but now am found,
Was blind, but now I see.
’Twas grace that taught my heart to
And grace my fears relieved.
How precious did that grace appear
The hour I first believed.
Through many dangers, toils and
I have already come;
’Tis grace hath brought me safe thus far
And grace will lead me home.
The Lord has promised good to me
His word my hope secures;
He will my shield and portion be,
As long as life endures.
Yea, when this flesh and heart shall
and mortal life shall cease,
I shall possess within the veil,
A life of joy and peace.
The earth shall soon dissolve like
The sun forbear to shine;
But God, who call'd me here below,
Will be forever mine.
Some versions include an additional verse, which
however, was not written by John Newton:
When we've been there ten thousand
Bright shining as the sun,
We've no less days to sing God's praise
Than when we'd first begun.
Brief history of the popular Christian
Born in London in 1725 as the son of a commander of a merchant ship which
sailed the Mediterranean, John also became a seafarer. Ultimately he became the captain of his own slave-trading
Although his mother, who had died early in his life,
taught him about God, in his adult life, he no longer held any religious convictions. However, on one homeward
voyage, while trying to steer the ship through a violent storm, he experienced what he would later call “great
deliverance.” When all seemed lost with the ship about to sink, he exclaimed, “Lord, have mercy upon us.” As he
subsequently reflected on what he had said, he began to believe that God had addressed him through the storm. For
the rest of his life he observed the anniversary of May 10, 1748 as the day of his conversion, a day of humiliation
in which he subjected his will to a Higher Power.
In 1750 he
married Mary Catlett, with whom he had been in love for many years. By 1755, after a serious illness, he had given
up seafaring forever. During his days as a sailor he had begun to educate himself, teaching himself Latin, among
other subjects. Later he met George Whitefield, a deacon in the Church of England, evangelistic preacher, and
leader of the Calvinistic Methodist Church, and became his disciple. He also met and came to admire John Wesley,
the founder of Methodism. He continued studying and learned Greek and Hebrew.
Newton decided to become a minister and eventually
was ordained by the Bishop of Lincoln and accepted the curacy of Olney, Buckinghamshire. Many flocked to his
church. He also travelled to preach in other parts of the country. In 1767, the poet William Cowper settled at
Olney and became Newton’s friend.
Cowper helped Newton
with his religious services and on his tours. Besides regular weekly church services, they began weekly
prayer meetings with the goal of writing a new hymn for each one. They collaborated on several editions of
Olney Hymns, which enjoyed great popularity. The first edition, published in 1779, contained 68 works by
Cowper and 280 by Newton – including “Amazing Grace”, then by a different title.
In 1780 Newton
became the rector of St. Mary, Woolnoth, in London. There he again influenced many, including William Wilberforce,
who later became a leader in the campaign for the abolition of slavery. Newton preached until the last year of his
life, by which time he was blind. He died in 1807, secure in his faith that amazing grace would lead him
The epitaph on his gravestone, engraved on a marble
plaque in St Mary, Woolnoth, and written by himself, says:
JOHN NEWTON, Clerk
Once an infidel and
A servant of slaves in Africa,
Was, by the rich mercy
of our Lord and Saviour JESUS CHRIST,
restored, pardoned and appointed to preach
the Gospel which he had long laboured to destroy.
Near sixteen years in Olney, in Bucks,
And twenty eight years in this Church.
For a stirring rendition of the hymn and additional
information about the melody and the music of Negro spirituals, click here.
For another, but similar,
perspective on divine grace, click